Budgeting for your build project
Budgeting can make or break a project. The more accurate your estimates, and calculations, the more likely you will build your dream home without any crippling over spends.
Things to keep in mind: a contingency of 10–20% will act as a cushion against unexpected costs. Most people suggest a 10% contingency for a flat site where the ground conditions are known, and 20% for a sloping site or one where you’re not sure what may lie below. A very rough guide is that one degree of slope costs an extra £1,000, so a 45% degree slope may give you fantastic views, and easier drainage, but may cost an extra £45,000 in groundworks. The exact amount depends on a number of relevant factors, including ground stability, the water table, and whether the spoil has to be taken to landfill. Groundworks are normally the part of building a house which is the most difficult to cost accurately in advance.
Changing your mind about the layout or specification of your home as you go can dramatically increase the costs. So work out exactly what you want before you start on site, and then stick to it. The more time you spend planning in advance; the more likely you are to keep to your budget.
On a new house you will probably be eligible for a fair sized VAT refund – typically you may reclaim about £10,000 on the cost of the building materials you use. But you have to pay the VAT out before you can reclaim it, you have to keep good records, and you have to reclaim the VAT within three months of completion. About a third of all self builders fail to do this, so they miss out of a big tax refund.
Top Tips for stretching your Self-build budget
- Comparing costs and negotiating. A good negotiator will compare different prices from materials suppliers, professional consultants and trades people and haggle to get the best possible deal. On a big project this could save you £50,000-100,000.
- Project manage. Being your own project manager for the construction work could save you money, provided you know what you are doing – but don’t underestimate the time you will need to do this.
- Get stuck in. You may be able to learn relevant building skills and do some of the physical construction work. Or enlist r skilled colleagues or friends or family to help you.
- Plan properly. Don’t be in a hurry in the early stages – remember, time spent planning and working out every detail up front will pay dividends later on.
- Check your spec. Avoid a high-end specification – you could spend £300 on a bathroom suite, or £30,000.
- Rationalise your design. Opt for a simple design – for example a basic rectangular building will usually be cheaper to build than one that has a more complex footprint or multiple rooflines. The choice of the basic method of construction you use can be significant too – for example basic timber framed homes can be about 10% cheaper than brick and block homes.
- Safe storage. Secure, waterproof storage on site will enable you to buy cheaply in advance, and keep materials and tools safe for when they are needed.
- Communicate! Any changes to the plans must be communicated with the relevant contractors. At the very least, stick a dated copy of the latest amended plans to an inside wall, so contractors know about the wall you’ve moved, or the extra sockets you realised you needed.
For general guidance on how to make your budget go as far as possible, see:
- Estimating your self build costs is fundamental to your project planning The Self Build Guide (However, the Self Build Portal thinks that build costs of £800-£2000 m² are more realistic for building, adjusted to 2018 costs.)
Self-build budget tools
There are several free online ready reckoners that help you estimate the rough cost of your proposed home:
- Build Cost Calculator from Homebuilding & Renovating
- Build Cost Calculator from Jewson
- Build Costs Calculator from BuildStore
- Solo’s Wonder Tool from Solo Timber Frame
- Timber-frame Build Cost Calculator from Fleming Homes
- Self Build Cost Calculator from Build It
- Build Cost Calculator from Grand Designs
Sometimes a self builder will employ a quantity surveyor (QS) or a building estimator to prepare really detailed construction estimates for them. To find a good QS or estimator, ask other self builders near you who they used and if they would recommend them. You can also get details of local QSs from the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.
If you are hunting for a building estimator, try the The Chartered Institute of Building using “estimating” as a search term.
You could also try:
There are also a growing number of online estimating services such as:
Finally, there are a number of paid for software packages to help self builders work out their own construction costs, and there are several building cost guidance books available. Check:
- BCIS Price Books
- Easy Estimate
- Easy Price Pro
- Fast Estimate
- Price Guides Direct
- Spon’s Price Books
Please note, NaCSBA cannot endorse any of these tools or services, so research and compare before committing to one or another.